baseball hitting mechanics

Many coaches write in asking for tips on hitting mechanics. Below are the 6 basic components for teaching an effective baseball swing. Have a look and let me know what you think by leaving a comment in the box below the article. Enjoy!

Stance

The beginnings of perfect mechanics are the components of the stance.  The following descriptions are the ideals for a batting stance and should be the goal of every batter:

•    Weight over the balls of the feet; never over the heels
•    Knees bent
•    Shoulders level
•    Hands a comfortable distance away from the back shoulder; often this is 10-12 inches from the shoulder, though it is up to the batter’s preference

Hip Placement and Movement

As the batter begins the swing, the hips come into play for the first time.  The lower body, especially the hips, is extremely important in hitting.  Though they may not seem connected, the hips play a major role in the power and distance of a hit, because they create the necessary torque to drive the ball.

baseball hitting mechanicsWhen the batter starts the swing, the hips should turn in a bit, toward the catcher.  The hands pull back toward the back shoulder and start the pre-launch torque that drives the body through the rest of the swing.

As the arms rotate through the swing, the hips should also rotate.  Since they have inverted toward the catcher during the pre-swing, they will now more easily lead the body through the swing itself.

By starting the movement at the hips and letting it drive up the body through the arms, batters ensure that they put the most possible power behind the bat.  If the hips follow the arms or do not turn at all, the batter will have a much more difficult time producing the kind of hit they desire.

Pre-Swing

There are several important movements that happen during the pre-swing.  We have already discussed the inverted movement of the hips.  At this point, the following things also need to happen:

•    Front shoulder and chin tuck in
•    Hands pull back
•    Eyes should be toward the pitcher, with the head turned instead of keeping it straight down
•    Hold the bat at a 45 degree angle to avoid any unnecessary movement

While in the stance, players should stand slightly farther apart than shoulder width.  This allows players to keep their weight centered and lower into the ground, giving the player a wider base from which to pull power from the lower body.

Grip

Having a proper grip is essential for maintaining a smooth, consistent swing.  Batters should line up their middle knuckles on the bat so that their hands are in the steadiest position possible.  If the knuckles are not in this stabilizing position, the bat has a tendency to jump in the hands as batters turn their wrists over as they finish the swing.

Stride

Each player has a preference about how big or small of a stride to take on the swing.  Batters should do what is most comfortable for them, provided that they do not step on the line of the batter’s box, as this will cause them to be called out.

When helping players determine how big of a stride to take, encourage them to experiment.  A shorter stride is usually better than a longer one for control purposes, because it keeps the player over their body and does not allow things to get out of rhythm.  As speed is a necessary part of batting, a short stride is desirable because it helps batters move to their next element, the swing, sooner.

As the batter is about to bring their hands forward to start the swinging motion, the striding leg should come forward toward the pitcher.  The stride should be toward the area in front of home plate to help the batter get into better position.

Swing

During the swing, there are also small adjustments that players can make to ensure that they get the best swing possible.  When working on mechanics, even the smallest details count.

Throughout the swing, players should keep their back elbow up and close to the body.  This allows the hands and the barrel of the bat to swing through completely.  Finally, and perhaps most importantly when going through the swing, is to keep the head still.  Keeping the head still ensures that you keep proper balance throughout the swing, which is otherwise hard to do because the batter is moving nearly every other part to connect with the ball.

Maintaining a still head also helps with creating a rhythm.  If the batter’s body has one still part that does not move or change during the swing, that batter will have a better idea of what part of their swing needs work or what part is not synchronized with the rest of the body.  Whether in practice or in play, keeping a steady head is extremely important.

As the ball is pitched, batters should bring their hands to meet the ball.  This mental picture will help players get the bat in contact with the ball in exactly the right place.  At the same time that batters are bringing their hands to the ball, they should be keeping those hands level and still, so that the bat slices through the air on an even plane.  A swing with any type of loop or wiggle can cause a dangerous pop-up, which can be detrimental to the team.

Run Drills

Just because a batter has been batting for years does not mean that they will maintain good form.  In fact, more experience can lead to poor form because players become complacent and pay less attention to their form than when they were first learning it.

Every so often, at the discretion of the coach, players should go back and work on hitting basics.  This means starting from a tee, using a whiffle ball.  While some players may grumble about starting at such a fundamental level, you must show them the importance of being able to hit a whiffle ball off a tee, perfectly, every time.  If players cannot hit a ball where they want it to go when it is sitting right in front of them, how are they going to be able to hit a ball moving toward them at 50 miles an hour or more?

When players hit a whiffle ball correctly from a tee, it acts like a knuckleball.  When players hit is incorrectly, it spins uncontrollably and goes awry.  Because of the air going through the ball, players will be able to see their mistakes easier and make adjustments as necessary.

After players become comfortable again with hitting from a tee, remove the tee and have them practice with regular pitches again.  They will notice a difference in the way they hold themselves and approach the ball, and you will a difference in their effectiveness.

Next step: join my free baseball coaching newsletter today – and get a free video covering the #1 hitting drill I use every practice! And don’t forget to tell me your thoughts by leaving a comment in the box below!

3 Comments

  • Darin March

    Reply Reply March 21, 2015

    Awesome information

  • Lynetta

    Reply Reply May 7, 2012

    Helping a mustang to be the best batter he can.

    • kenny

      Reply Reply May 13, 2012

      Go Mustangs! Good luck this season!

      -Coach Kenny

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